Anemia Mediterranean: the symptoms in children that you must keep in mind

When we are faced with achild a little pale or a little tired we must, always and in any case, realize the thing, rather suddenly and then, immediately after, go to your pediatrician to understand if it is Mediterranean anemia.

And it is preciselyMediterranean anemia and its symptoms that we will talk about today.

And of thesymptoms in children that, being children, it is much more difficult for them to make us understand if they have problems.

Ma che cos’è l’anemia mediterranea, che sintomi devono farci scattare il campanello d’allarme e come si cura.

Mediterranean anemia symptoms

Mediterranean anemia (subjects that you can learn more about here, or beta Thalassemia is a genetic disease that tends to block the beta chain of hemoglobin in the blood causing red blood cells to drop with abnormal growth of white blood cells. The different forms of beta thalassemia lead to more or less severe anemia in the affected adult and child, so pay attention to these symptoms:

  • fatigue
  • pallor
  • breathlessness
  • increased liver and spleen volume
  • problem growth

Mediterranean anemia is considered a rare disease in Europe and America of the North but rather frequent in the Middle East, Africa and South America.

There are three forms of Mediterranean anemia:

  • the minor form which is not serious and does not produce symptoms , nor consequences
  • the major form which is serious and which is recognized between 6 and 24 months, with excessive tiredness and with the possibility that the newborn cries a lot and eats little. Another symptom to take into consideration is that the lips and palms of the hands are rather pale. In this case you have to undergo regular blood transfusions.
  • the intermediate form, which is obviously not that serious and needs occasional transfusions

It is important, at the first symptoms , immediately call your doctor who will allow, through a simple blood count, to find out if you are suffering from a rare disease, such as this one, and also sneaky in symptoms, so much so that it does not even seem like a real disease but only a little ' weaker in the life of the little one.

Besides transfusions, the only therapy that can allow a complete recovery from this disease isbone marrow transplant, come nella leucemia.

The patient receives a special transfusion of blood and marrow from a compatible donor. If, after a period of isolation, because the child is at a very high risk of infection, the healthy marrow manages to take root and replace the diseased marrow, the patient is to be considered cured, obviously after more than accurate checks.

The right advice, however, before starting a family and giving birth to potentially sick children, is to have a genetic consultation to see if there are any incompatibilities that could lead to certain diseases developing in the fetus.


Mediterranean anemia is a disease, fortunately, rare but it is a subtle genetic disease.

The most common symptoms are, in fact, those of anormale stanchezza.

Be careful, especially with the little ones, to consider carrying out careful checks already at the first symptom of paleness and tiredness so as not to lead to consequences more serious such as enlarged liver or spleen. Always take care of your surroundings, paying attention to a child's small mood and physical changes can sometimes save a life.

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